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N.C. Common Name: dandelion, lion's tooth. (Bot.) Species. See {Tooth}, n., and {Lion}.] Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is the familiar, bright yellow dandelion that pops up along roadsides, in meadows, along riverbanks, and of course, in lawns. Taraxacum F.H. • Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) Deeply toothed, with backward-pointing teeth or lobes. and the generic name Taraxacum: A review and a new typification proposal (2011). Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. Taraxacum officinale is a perennial plant that can grow up to 0.45 metres tall. It is often thought of as a 'weed' of grassy places. Flora de la Española 8: 1-588. Phytomedicine 2005;12:588-97. Not generally used in the home landscape. Impact on community composition, structure, and interactions: Common dandelion competes with native plants for moisture and nutrients. Not generally used in the home landscape. Dandelions are well-known, robust weeds; vernacular names for the dandelion include 'wet-the-bed' and 'pissy-beds', which refer to the belief that just touching part of a dandelion can cause bed-wetting. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Useful Plants of Boyacá Project Synonyms: Taraxacum officinale var. They are singular heads on their stems and the flowers close in the evening. It is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Western Australia. Taraxacum officinale F.H. In this country, we find allusion to it in the Welsh medicines of the thirteenth century. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recogni… Treatment on page 244. Taraxacum undulatum Lindb. Common dandelion is very similar to red-seeded dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum), which has also been introduced to North America. For example, Rothmaler's flora of Germany recognizes roughly 70 microspecies. Their leaves, roots, and flowers are all edible. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Drug names that are ambiguous or not compatible with the RxNorm system, such as multivitamins with more than 4,000 characters in their names, are also out of scope. Family: ASTERACEAE: Species: Taraxacum officinale Weber ex F.H.Wigg. The root was dried and roasted and used as a coffee alternative during the second world war. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Fluffy downy round seeds heads are dispersed by wind. Young flowers taste like honey but they become bitter when they mature. – common dandelion. It is also one of the most appreciated wild edible plants. Hollow stems are reproductive (scapes) exude a milky sap they are leafless and unbranched, They provide nectar and pollen to honeybees and other beneficial insects, particularly important in early spring when they are one of the only plants in bloom. Liogier, A.H. (1996). Commonly known as dandelion, Taraxacum officinale has many culinary and medicinal uses, despite being generally regarded as a weed. Wigg. Preston, C. D., Pearman, D. A. Antipodean Is., species aggregate Taraxacum palustre agg. Dandelions are pesky weeds for gardeners, and a joy for children. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . This is actually an aggregate species of many hundreds of slightly differing species. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed. Mérat : Leontodon taraxacum L. Taraxacum devians Dahlst. Identification Notes. Typification of Leontodon taraxacum L. (= Taraxacum officinale F.H. Taraxacum xanthostigma Lindb. This site is maintained by the Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment, Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family, introduced perennial, reproducing by seed, reproductive (scapes), hollow, whitish, unbranched, leafless, oblanceolate, deeply toothed, backward pointing teeth or lobes, basal rosette, mid-vein hollow, heads of bright yellow ray (ligulate) florets, ray flower toothed tips; solitary; closing at night, form "puffball" when mature, to common UMass Amherst services and features, UMass Extension Landscape, Nursery & Urban Forestry Program, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information, Center for Agriculture, Food and the Environment. The seedhead is shown below it. Their seed head is a beautiful puffball and delights young and old when they blow on it to disperse the seed. It has also been used medicinally. Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Asterales Family: Asteraceae Subfamily: Cichorioideae Tribe: Cichorieae Subtribe: Crepidinae Genus: Taraxacum F. H. Wigg. Taraxacum kok-saghyz auct. Leaves form a basal rosette with very uneven teeth, very rarely entire. Subordinate Taxa. Leaves and flowers are used in salads and stir-fries as well as jams, wines, and teas. Haglund : Leontodon taraxacoides (Vill.) Click on an accepted name below to view its PLANTS Profile with all synonyms, distribution map, more information, and Web links if available. Dandelions have many positive features, such as: VIDEO Created by Homegrown featuring Travis Birdsell, County Extension Director and Extension Agent for Ashe County Extension. Native Taraxacum species are found primarily in undisturbed, herbaceous, alpine meadows. Flowerheads are solitary on the end of a long leafless stem, and are composed of ray florets only. There is a Red-seeded Dandelion (Taraxacum erythrospermum) that is largely indistinguishable from T. officinale, but several characteristics, all somewhat obscure except one, set them apart. common dandelion Taraxacum officinale Weed Profile - Weed Identification. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Family Name: Asteraceae (Compositae) - Aster or Sunflower Family. Leaves can be eaten raw or cooked; the youngest, greenest leaves at the center are best for raw eating. f. Leontodon taraxacoides ssp. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Instituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. Literature. It is commonly eaten by moose, bears, sharptailed grouse, pocket - gophers, Broadleaf perennial weed, fast-spreading, generally spread by seed, but once established are not affected by pre-emergent herbicides. ©2020 University of Massachusetts Amherst • Site Policies, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information Flowers provide nectar to pollinators and bees. Plants (1–)5–40 (–60) cm; taproots seldom branched. f. & Marklund : Taraxacum vagans G.E. Wigg.) They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale The common dandelion is a most familiar flower: counting down the 'clock', while blowing the fluffy seeds from its head, is a favourite childhood game. There are no recognized subspecies, varieties, or forms. ... Common names are used instead of botanical.]. longirostris Finch & Sell : Taraxacum officinale var. Oblanceolate shape form a basal rosette. Use flowers in wine, jam, and salads. A well known plant of the genus {Taraxacum} ( {Taraxacum officinale}, formerly called {Taraxacum Dens leonis} and… …. The common name dandelion comes from the French 'dent de lion' which translates to "lion's tooth" referring to the deep green leaves that are toothed. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Other common names: Blowball Other scientific names: Leontodon taraxacum, Taraxacum dens-leonis, Taraxacum taraxacum, Taraxacum vulgare French names: Pissenlit officinal Family: Composite Family (Asteraceae) Group: Dandelions Similar species: • Marsh Dandelion (Taraxacum palustre) - Sepals are not recurved downward. genera) name and a specific epithet that together comprise the species name. ABBREVIATION : TAROFF SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : TAOF COMMON NAMES : common dandelion dandelion TAXONOMY : The currently accepted scientific name for common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale Weber . palustre Blytt Taraxacum sylvanicum. The two can be distinguished by the shape of the leaves, features in the green bracts (phyllaries) surrounding the head of flowers, and the color of the seeds. Kirschner, J. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is commonly a weed of habitation and agricultural areas, but also invades natural vegetation in the temperate regions of Australia. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Taraxacum rhodolepis Dahlst. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Type species Taraxacum officinale F. H. Wigg. Taraxacum officinale — Dandelion Dan de*li on, n. [F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr. Bright yellow ray flowers with toothed tips appear throughout the year on second-year plants. Stems 1–10+, erect or ascending, sometimes ± purplish (usually equaling or surpassing leaves), glabrous or sparsely villous, slightly more so distally. : Common Name: COMMON DANDELION: Plant Notes: Kirschner & Stepánek (2011) selected an uncited lectotype annotated by Linnaeus that is more congruent with the basionym protologue and current usage of T. officinale (T. sect. Names in different languages: Hindi name- Dudhali English name- Common dandelion Gujarati name- Pathradi Marathi name- Batthur Urdu name- Kaanful, Kaasani Dashti Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Taraxacum officinale, more commonly known as Dandelion, is a hairless or sparsely hairy plant, which can grow up to 60cm in height. Young leaves are best for raw eating and older leaves are better cooked. Fernald : Common Name(s): common dandelion [English] blowball [English] faceclock [English] dandelion [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Taraxacum officinale Wiggers: Common Name: Common Dandelion: Habitat: ** Associated Ecological Communities: ** Growth Habit: Herb: Duration: Perennial: Category: Vascular: USDA Symbol: TAOF: Plant Notes: Common Dandelion is an introduced herbaceous perennial in the Sunflower family (Asteraceae). View abstract. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. The taxonomy of the genus Taraxacum is complicated by apomictic and polyploid lineages, and the taxonomy and nomenclatural situation of Taraxacum officinale is not yet fully resolved. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). Taraxacum officinale, Common Dandelion. The Dandelion, so common throughout the British Isles, is named Taraxacum officinales, a species name that is suggestive of its rootsâ use in herbal medicine and the edibility of the leaves. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. Please use the State … Taraxacum officinale is a perennial herbaceous plant, known by the common names Dandelion, Blowball, Lion’s-tooth, Cankerwort. L. dens tooth + leo lion. & tepánek, J. Taxon 60. T. officinale is not a valid name for this species, but no valid name has as yet been ascribed to it. non Rodin : Taraxacum vulgare Lam. Mentioned on page 7, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 245, 246. The common name comes from the French “dent de lion”—tooth of lion—referring to the sharp leaf lobes. Life Cycle. Schinz & R. Keller : Taraxacum palustre var. Taraxacum officinale is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant, up to 15.7 inches (40 cm) tall. The technical name of a plant consists of two parts, a genus (pl. Treatment appears in FNA Volume 19. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. Roots are roasted and used as a coffee alternative. Taraxacum officinale. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. The stems produce flower heads, can be tinted purplish, and are upright or lax. The taxonomy of this genus has been complicated by the recognition of numerous species, subspecies and microspecies. Although it’s considered to be an invasive weed, these dandelions have value as a medicinal and culinary herb. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. vulgare (Lam.) For instance, the correct name of the common dandelion is Taraxacum officinale where Taraxacum is the genus and officinale, the species. – dandelion. Dandelion Temporal range: Miocene–recent A dandelion flower head composed of numerous small florets. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Weber in Wiggers. Get Label RSS Feed for this Drug TARAXACUM OFFICINALE- common dandelion granule vulgare (Lam.) The root is a coffee substitute. Ecological Impact. Dandelion as a medicine was first mentioned in the works of the Arabian physicians of the tenth and eleventh centuries, who speak of it as a sort of wild Endive, under the name of Taraxcacon. Wigg. A possible alternative derivation of Taraxacum is suggested in T he Treasury of Botany : 'The generic name is possibly derived from the Greek taraxo ("I have excited" or "caused") and achos (pain), in allusion to the medicinal effects of the plant.' Taraxacum officinale . They form deep taproots and the whole plant contains a milky latex sap. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies … [ F. dent de lion lion s tooth, fr, n. [ taraxacum officinale common name de. Within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been complicated by the common names are instead... 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